Lathe Chuck Applications

A lathe machine uses chucks to hold the object on which the operation is to be performed. This machine was an important part of the industrial revolution and chucks mounted on this machine are used to rotate the object on which the operation is to be performed, it can also be used to rotate the tool. Chucks contain the basic components jaws which clamp the object. Several chucks which employ magnetic and electric fields can also be used to hold the object with accuracy using these fields. There are many uses of chucks mounted on lathe machine as a lathe machine has many uses.

We can turn wood on a lathe machine by the use of chucks. By adjusting the wood piece between the jaws and adjusting the tailstock we can turn wood pieces. The surface of wood should be smooth so that proper turning can be done. We can also give different shapes to pieces of metals like making a bowl using a four jaw chuck, making a flat plate.There are many applications of this machine using a chuck which depends on the user what he wants to create. We can also perform drilling operation by using chucks. The jaws clamp the object and a drill can be used to make a hole or drill that portion.

Whenever we need to hold our work-piece a chuck will always be used. Basically, chuck is the main part of the functioning of a lathe machine as without it the object cannot be held firmly. Often the people buy chucks according to the work done and deciding the best chuck becomes difficult sometimes. Other uses of a chuck include, rotary grinder in heavy duty grinding, in belt grinding, cylindrical grinding, surface grinding.  In general grinding operation can also be performed very efficiently by chucks. It can also be used in precision grinding, electric discharge machining, light-duty cutting and many more. In electric discharge machining, it can be used as a molding machine and in light-duty cutting as a finishing. There are many other uses employing heavy machinery in industries and during manufacturing processes but the main uses have been discussed above.

As we know by now that a lathe machine has a variety of applications but without a chuck it is incomplete. Professionally as well as domestically chuck has proved to be of a great importance as without its usage it could have taken a lot more time and certain processes would have become impossible to be done. So it has a very big advantage and it has proved to be a boon to industries.

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Types Of Lathe Chucks

A lathe machine is used for giving desired shape and size to the metals by performing operations like drilling, cutting, knurling and many more. These operations help us in using the metals according to our requirements. Now the important point of discussion is regarding chucks, chucks are used to hold the objects with safety. Without the presence of chucks, the object would fall or the required operation cannot be performed properly. Chucks contain jaws, it can contain 2 jaws, 3 jaws, 4 jaws and even 6 jaws.  The four jaw independent chuck is the one which is mostly used as it handles almost any object and is very cost effective. There are several types of chucks like independent, dog chuck, self-centering and many more. These are the main types of chucks mostly used. Other types of chucks include screw chuck, jam chuck, cup chuck and vacuum chucks etc.

Independent Chucks

Chucks consist of jaws required for holding objects, in independent chucks each jaw can be moved independently. Mostly the term four-jaw chuck is used as a chuck has four independent jaws. As they can move independently they have a wide variety of application they are used for providing a grip or hold. They are easily controllable because of the non-self-centering action. Any area which requires grip with accuracy can use independent chucks. One drawback of independent chucks is speed. It takes time as compared to the other two chucks.


Self-Centering Chucks

These types of chucks can be used with four jaws as well as three jaws. As the name suggests self-centering are the ones which move with holding faces having equal distances from each other they provide convenience for the work which requires changeovers at certain intervals of time. They are also called scroll chucks. They employ the use of a round bar stock. The design of the head provides self-centering action. They also have a disadvantage of poor gripping on oval work-pieces. While working with these chucks proper care of jaws should be taken as they can get damaged during the process.

Dog Chucks

As we know that chucks are used to hold an object and provide grip but these chucks are not normally used. They come into use when heavy components are used as they have a very strong grip. They also have four jaws and provide more grip as compared to independent chucks. There are four screws in which each of them can be used independently.

These are the most common types of chucks used in industries.

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